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Nasogastric (NG) Tube insertion Members Public

Nasogastric tube (NG) insertion essentially involves placing a plastic tube in through the patient's nose and in to their stomach. The main purposes of this are for feeding/medication or for free drainage. Often patients who have bowel obstructions will be kept nil by mouth and given an NG tube

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Intravenous (IV) Cannulation Members Public

Intravenous (IV) cannulation is a technique that involves the placement of a small plastic tube (cannula or venflon) in to a patient's vein to provide venous access. Having venous access is often important in hospitals for example to initiate IV antibiotics or for a blood transfusion. This is a key

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Inhaler Technique Members Public

An effective inhaler technique is one of the cornerstones of asthma and COPD treatment. This allows the medication to get to the lung where it can help control the patient's symptoms. It is also important to have an understanding of all the different inhalers available e.g. metered dose inhaler,

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Electrocardiography Members Public

Electrocardiography (ECG) is a technique that detects the electrical signals from a patient's heart and then records it on to a strip of paper. An ECG is a basic investigation that all junior doctors have to be comfortable at doing. It allows the clinician to see the electrical activity of

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Urethral Catheterisation Members Public

Catheterisation is an invasive practical procedure that all junior doctors must be confident with before their first on-call. It involves passing a small plastic tube through the urethra and in to the bladder. Often you will get called to the difficult ones that the nurses have not been successful with.

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Blood Pressure Measurement Members Public

Blood pressure (BP) measurement is one of the vital signs used in assessing patients. It is the pressure exerted by circulating blood on the arterial vessel walls. It is often very useful in determining a patient's clinical condition. For example, a hypotensive patient may be septic from an infection or

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Blood Cultures Members Public

Taking a blood culture involves taking blood in an aseptic technique for the purposes of checking for bacteria of fungi in the patient's blood (septicaemia) . This is often an important aspect of doing a septic screen on a patient that is pyrexial. The procedure shown below is only a reference

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Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Members Public

An Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) is a blood sample taken from an artery, usually from the radial artery. An ABG sample will often be processed quickly and give a clinician an idea of the oxygen, carbon dioxide and pH levels in the blood. This is often very important in the

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